From Value Chain to Value Cycle

Wastewater up-cycling in bio-refineries creates tremendous opportunities for circular economy.


Example:

Circular economy example


International coffee trade = about 80 billion m3 virtual water exports = 6% of the international virtual water flows in the world.
ICE [NYBOT] is trading coffee up to 3 years ahead: part of the water footprint for irrigated coffee could be allocated from wastewater - e.g. from the farmers and from coffee washing - transformation decentralised infrastructures. In addition to created access to sanitation, this can generate energy e.g. for green mobility or transport and other by-products from wastewater and therefore reduce costs and risks.